Hero Networks24 Internet Acceptable Use Policy

Hero Networks24 Internet Acceptable Use Policy

 Important Note: This Acceptable Use Policy (“AUP”) will be updated frequently. Please make a habit  of reviewing it from time to time to stay abreast of the content thereof. This document has been created by Hero Networks24 Inc PTY Ltd and is protected by copyright. The contents or any part thereof may not be used or copied in any way without prior permission.

CONTENTS

  1. Introduction
  2. 2. Protecting Your Account
  3. 3. Account and Network Security
  4. 4. Electronic Mail
  5. 5. Protection of Network Performance
  6. 6. Personal Home Pages
  7. 7. Third Party Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
  8. 8. Illegal Activities
  9. 9. Fair usage policy
  10. 10. Breach of the Acceptable Use Policy
  11. 11. General

1. Introduction

This document sets out general issues related to the Hero Networks24 Inc. Internet service and contains the Hero Networks24 Inc. Internet Acceptable Use Policy (AUP).

Your Hero Networks24 Inc. Internet account provides you access to a vast collection of networks around the world via the World Wide Web, electronic mail, and File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Your use of these services is subject to the AUP.

It is our intention to allow Hero Networks24 Inc customers access to everything the internet has to offer, with minimal or no interference. Our belief in free speech is a firm commitment to our customers. However, certain activities are considered inappropriate by the internet community at large and cannot be permitted under the guise of free speech.

Save as may be set out herein, we do not monitor the activity of accounts, except for measurements of system utilization and billing records. However, in our efforts to promote good citizenship within the Internet community, if we become aware of inappropriate use of our service, we will respond appropriately.

If a Hero Networks24 Inc. Internet account is used in a manner which violates this AUP, we reserve the right to terminate the service without notice. Our preferred course of action is to advise you of the inappropriate behavior and any corrective action that is necessary. However, certain circumstances may warrant immediate termination of the Hero Networks24 Inc. Internet service without notice.

As a member of our network community, we encourage you to use your internet access responsibly.  Should you have any questions regarding this policy, feel free to contact us at 087 222 6231 or our 24/7 Whatsapp Line 079 629 9621.

Reports of activity in violation of this policy may be sent via e-mail to abuse@hero24.org.

2. Protecting Your Account

It is your responsibility to keep your password secure and not to share your password and account access with anyone. Attempting to obtain another user’s account information is strictly prohibited, and may result in termination of service.

3 . Account and Network Security

It is also your responsibility to implement security measures, including but not limited to the following

  • changing your internet account password regularly;
  • changing your router default password regularly;
  • installing licensed internet security software, which includes, but are not limited to protection against internet threats such as viruses, malicious software, spy-ware, hacking attempts, etcetera; and
  • Monitoring your internet account for

You may not:

  • Attempt to circumvent the user authentication or security of any host, network or account (“cracking”). This includes, but is not limited to, accessing making use of a server or account you are not expressly authorized to access, or probing the security of other networks;
  • Use or distribute tools designed for compromising security. Examples of these tools include, but are not limited to, password guessing programs, cracking tools or network probing tools; or
  • Attempt to interfere with service to any user, host, or network (“denial of service attacks”). This includes, but is not limited to “flooding” of networks, deliberate attempts to overload a service, and attempts to “crash” a

4. Electronic Mail

Your account with Hero Networks24 Inc Internet includes the ability to send and receive electronic mail. Misuse of e-mail may result in termination of service. The following examples are non-exclusive and are provided for guidance to customers:

  • Use of an e-mail account to send an unsolicited bulk or commercial message is prohibited on your Hero Networks24 Inc Internet account. This includes, but is not limited to, bulk-mailing of commercial advertising, informational announcements, charity requests, petitions for signatures, and political or religious tracts. Such material may only be sent to those who have explicitly requested it;
  • sending mass unsolicited mail or deliberately sending very large messages or files to one or more recipients (“mail bombing”) is prohibited;
  • forging or removing e-mail headers is prohibited;
  • Use of e-mail to harass or intimidate other users is prohibited. Harassment, whether through language, frequency of messages, or size of messages, is prohibited. Sending a single unwelcome message may be considered harassment. If a recipient asks to stop receiving e-mail from you, you must not send that person any further messages; and
  • Hero Networks24 Inc Internet accounts may not be used to collect replies to messages sent from another ISP, where those messages violate this AUP or the AUP of the other ISP. Hero Networks24 Inc reserves the right to delete messages or files which have remained on its servers for excessive periods of time as determined by Hero Networks24 Inc, in its sole

5. Protection of Network Performance

Hero Networks24 Inc reserves sole discretion to determine whether any customer’s use of the Hero Networks24 Inc Internet service interferes with other customers’ use and enjoyment of any services provided by Hero Networks24 Inc to customers over the same network.

The following examples are non-exclusive and are provided for guidance to customers:

  • the sending of excessive numbers of e-mail or excessively large files which, in Hero Networks24 Inc ‘s sole opinion, negatively affects the performance of the network or any server on the network may result in deletion of the offending message or file, and may result in the termination of services;
  • you may not provide network services from your account (for example, you may not use your account to operate as an FTP server);
  • Hero Networks24 Inc Internet accounts operate on shared resources. You are prohibited from excessive consumption of resources, including central processing unit time, memory, disk space and session time. You may not use resource-intensive programs which negatively impact other customers or the performance of Hero Networks24 Inc Hero Networks24 Inc systems or networks. Hero Networks24 Inc reserves the right to terminate or limit such activities; and
  • You may not employ automated electronic or mechanical processes designed to defeat network inactivity time-outs. Such tools include, but are not limited to, repetitive pinging the host.

6. Personal Home Pages

Your Hero Networks24 Inc Internet account provides the option to purchase personal home page space. Hero Networks24 Inc Internet will routinely monitor the size your personal web page and may, from time to time, monitor the contents of your personal web page.

You are solely responsible for any information contained on your personal home page. However, if complaints are received regarding language, content or graphics contained on a customer’s personal home page, Hero Networks24 Inc

Internet may, at its sole discretion, remove the personal home page and / or terminate your personal home page service.

You may not use your personal home page to publish material which Hero Networks24 Inc determines, at its sole discretion, to be unlawful, indecent or objectionable.

  • For purposes of this AUP, “material” refers to all forms of communications including narrative descriptions, graphics (including photographs, illustrations, images, drawings, logos), executable programs, video recordings, and audio
  • “Unlawful content” is that which violates any law, statute, treaty, regulation, or lawful order. This includes, but is not limited to obscene material, defamatory, fraudulent or deceptive statements, threatening, intimidating or harassing statements, or material which violates the privacy rights or property rights of others (e.g. copyright or trademarks).
  • “Indecent content” is that which depicts sexual or excretory activities in a patently offensive matter as measured by contemporary community
  • “Objectionable content” is otherwise legal content with which Hero Networks24 Inc concludes, in its sole discretion, it does not want to be associated with in order to protect its reputation and brand image, or to protect its employees, shareholders and

Examples of prohibited personal home page content include:

  • materials that depict or describe scantily-clad and lewdly depicted male and/or female forms or body parts, and which lack serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value;
  • materials that suggest or depict obscene, indecent, vulgar, lewd or erotic behavior, and which lack serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value;
  • materials that hold Hero Networks24 Inc (including its affiliates, employees or shareholders) up to public scorn or ridicule, or which unreasonably criticize Hero Networks24 Inc, its employees or its products; and
  • materials which encourage the commission of a crime, or which tends to incite violence, or which tends to degrade any person or group based on sex, nationality, religion, color, age, marital status, sexual orientation, disability or political

7. Third Party Internet Relay Chat (IRC)

 Although Hero Networks24 Inc may offer IRC software, you may not:

  • use IRC scripts or programs that interfere with or deny service to other users on any other server or host; or
  • engage in activities that harass other users. This includes, but is not limited to, “flooding” (rapidly entering text with the intent to disrupt service), “flashing” (disrupting terminal emulation), “takeovers” (improper seizing and abuse of operator privileges), attempting to send private messages to those who do not wish to receive them, attempting to return to a channel after being banned from it, and other disruptive

You may run clones (multiple simultaneous IRC connections) and robots only as permitted by the host IRC server.

8. Illegal Activities

Any activity on Hero Networks24 Inc’s network that is a violation of any law, regulation or this policy, as such may be in force from time to time, may result in immediate termination of service without notice to you.

It is also your responsibility to ensure that you are aware, stay aware of, and shall at all times comply with, all statutory or other regulatory provisions and rules applicable to the provision and use of the Hero Networks24 Inc Internet service as amended from time to time, including but not limited to the provisions of the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act 25 of 2002, the Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996 and the Regulation of Interception of Communications and Provision of Communication-Related Information Act 70 of 2002.

Prohibited activities include, but are not limited to:

  • transmitting obscene materials, including child pornography or any material regarded as illegal;
  • intentionally spreading or threatening to spread computer viruses;
  • gaining or attempting to gain unauthorized access to private networks including Hero Networks24 Inc’s private network infrastructure;
  • accessing or attempting to access information not intended for the customer;
  • engaging in the transmission of pirated software;
  • conducting or participating in illegal gambling, soliciting for illegal pyramid and other schemes through electronic mail; or
  • Any other activities declared to be illegal in terms of any applicable.

9. Hero Networks24 Inc Internet Uncapped Fair Usage Policy

 Hero Networks24 Inc Internet uncapped accounts are designed for either home or business use, and customers need to select the appropriate package designed for their access port speed and type of usage application (for example, for business or home use).

Hero Networks24 Inc Internet uncapped products are not capped in the ordinary course. However, Hero Networks24 Inc reserves the right to apply restrictions on an uncapped account if a customer’s behavior is determined to be affecting the user experience of other customers on Hero Networks24 Inc’s network. Such restrictions may include but are not limited to throttling a customer’s throughput speeds to an appropriate proportion of the actual port speed and / or shaping a customer’s bandwidth to limit the use of bandwidth intensive protocols and applications.

Examples of customer behavior which may compromise Hero Networks24 Inc’s network performance include, for example, causing network congestion, include running excessive concurrent internet sessions or accessing excessive bandwidth intensive protocols such as peer-to-peer.

In the event of such behaviors, Hero Networks24 Inc reserves the right to terminate the account of a customer whose usage is continuously affecting Hero Networks24 Inc’s network performance, as a customer of Hero Networks24 Inc Internet uncapped products.

In order to assist a customer to be made aware of when his or her behavior is compromising Hero Networks24 Inc’s network performance, Hero Networks24 Inc has a Dynamic Fair Usage Policy that indicates usage severity levels. Customers will be allocated randomly to three different rolling window dates of 8th, 15th and 21st. These dates are applicable from one month to the same date of the following month and defines the monitoring window. Usage values and thresholds will be displayed with customer notification messages. In browser notification and notification messages can be deselected by customers on the usage portal. Should customers’ contact information not be registered correctly, such notification may not reach the customer and customers should ensure that contact information is always up to date.

The Fair Usage Policy (FUP) controls will be implemented by Hero Networks24 Inc in addition to those set out elsewhere in this AUP regarding unlawful behavior.

Different severity FUP levels and actions are defined for Uncapped usage volumes:

  • FUP Level 1 for customers which are at 50% of predefined usage
  • FUP Level 2 for customers which are at 75% of predefined usage
  • FUP Level 3 for customers which are at 100% of predefined usage volume. Access to hero24.org and Banking sites will not be throttled at any

The following actions are applicable on the various FUP levels:

  • FUP Level 1 (50% of quota value)

The customer will be throttled to approximately 50% of their product speed for the 2 hours of highest demand daily until rollover.

  • FUP Level 2 (75% of quota value)

The customer will be throttled to approximately 25% of their product speed for the 4 hours of highest demand daily until rollover.

  • FUP Level 3 (100% of quota value).

The customer will be throttled to an 8th of their product speed or 384 kbps (whichever is higher) until the following rollover date, except during NightSurfer (00h00 to 07h00)

The new cycle date will be selected randomly once level 3 is reached and acknowledgement is accepted on the Hero Networks24 Inc Internet portal. The applicable date period for roll-over will be displayed.

10. Breach of the Acceptable Use Policy

In general, if you use your Hero Networks24 Inc Internet account in a manner which:

  • violates rules, regulations and policies applicable to any network, server, computer database, website or Internet Service Provider (“ISP”) that you access through your internet account;
  • violates any law, regulation, treaty or tariff,
  • is defamatory, fraudulent, indecent, offensive, deceptive; or threatens, harasses, abuses or intimidates others;
  • damages the name or reputation of Hero Networks24 Inc, its holding company, affiliates and subsidiaries;
  • interferes with other customers’ use and enjoyment of the services provided by Hero Networks24 Inc; or
  • breaches the security on any computer network; or
  • to access an account which does not belong to you; it will be regarded as a breach of this

In the event of breaches of this AUP, Hero Networks24 Inc will, where circumstances allow, provide notice of the breach to the relevant user with a request to remedy same immediately, failing which the relevant customer’s account may be terminated. However, where the circumstances warrant it, Hero Networks24 Inc may terminate a customer’s account without notice.

In addition to the above, users who violate systems or network security may incur criminal or civil liability. Hero Networks24 Inc will co-operate fully with investigations of violations of systems or network security at other sites, including co-operating with law enforcement authorities in the investigation of suspected criminal violations.

11. General

Hero Networks24 Inc’s failure to enforce this policy, for whatever reason, shall not be construed as a waiver of Hero Networks24 Inc’s right to do so at any time.

Hero Networks24 Inc reserves the right to amend this AUP from time to time.

Khayalethu Mqhayi.

Khayalethu Mqhayi.

Khayalethu Mqhayi (Stage Name Khaya N9) is a Composer, Singer/Songwriter & Record Producer whom is originally from Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

In 2015 after releasing the music for the first time through his Social Media platforms, his “noteworthy voice bubbling under” – as described in an article by FDBQ.co.za caught ears to many South African Producers (DJ Fortee, Eltonnick, Cue_Bass etc) and International Musicians.

Fast forward that, it resulted in Khaya making headlines due to being contacted by a Danish Duo called Farveblind for a collaboration to make an African inspired song named “Indima”.

Ultimately all that resulted in Khaya going overseas to Denmark in May 2017 to perform the song in SpotFestival the biggest music festival in Scandinavia. Blog Sites (Starved Magazine, FDBQ, Gaffa.dk etc) were quick to score interviews & a review on him & his travels.

Twitter

Follow him on his Twitter account.

YouTube

Subscribe to his Channel.

Senior General (Skhokho Ska Mnisi)

Senior General

UP-BRINGING

Senior General was born in June 11 in Mpumalanga Hazyview, South Africa. Mnisi was raised in a sub-township called Game in the outskirts of Mbombela formely known as Nelspruit. Game is a township previously known for its high crime rate, as well as its lack of infrastructure and opportunities. Growing up in the dusty streets of this neighborhood saw Mnisi want to make it big in life and make a difference in other people’s lives. As a kid he had always wanted to grow up and become an engineer.
Senior General then fell in love with writing as he was growing up. He started from writing love letters and poems in high school and went on to writing essays and short stories. He was once crowned the ‘best essay writer in high school’. He then advanced to writing songs and novels.
“I believe one can’t lie when they are writing, lying while writing is worse than lying under oath because here you are lying to yourself.” He explains.
MUSICIAN
Senior General was introduced into rap/hip-hop music by his late friend (HARRY ‘GUN FORCE’ NGOMANE) back in high school in 2001. Senior used to watch Gun force rap and wondered how he could memorize so many words at once. He had never been the type of person that would sell himself short hence that was the reason he then took the bold step of asking Gun Force to teach him how to rap. Inspired by international stars ‘TuPac Shakur’, ‘Nas’ and SA superstar ‘Zola’ he graduated with flying colors. It is during this time that him and his friends formed a rap group called Eyakho.
His affiliation under the rap-genre umbrella saw his grades drop decimally at school and his dream of becoming an engineer come into utmost perish. His love for rap music grew colossally. In here he found an opportunity to put his writing skills into good use and see his new dream of becoming a rapper into reality.
“Call me naïve but I refuse to conform to the common norms of having a nine to five job and working the whole month just so you can have enough money to be broke. God gave me a talent and I am going to enhance it and put it into full utilization.” He would say.
OTHER ACTIVITIES
Senior recently started his own label titled Senior Tainmet. Where he intends to open opportunities for other young talented musicians that seek exposure and recognition. The idea is not to sell people empty dreams and promise them record deals but to assist where ever it is possible, be it in the form of mentorship or booking them to perform on his events as Senior Tainment also does events.

Facebook

Follow him on facebook.

Insta

Follow him on Instagram

YouTube

Subscribe to his channel.

Money for Bali

Money for Bali is a Cape Town based band that has taken the local
music scene by storm. Having only formed in April 2016, the band has
played all over the Western Cape alongside other amazing artist such
as Grassy Spark, The Rudimentals, Richard Striton, Early Hours, The
City, Nomadic Orchestra and Jackal and the Wind.

On the 22 of May 2017, Money for Bali released their debut EP, “Sex,
Wax and Salty Cracks” which made it to number 1 on the South African
Top 100 Reggae Itunes Chart. The EP is available on Apple Music,
Deezer, Spotify, Google Music, Amazon MP3, YouTube and Souncloud.

Colonel Sanders | Kentucky Fried Chicken

Once, there was an older man, who was broke, living in a tiny house and owned a beat up car. He was living off of R1 386.00 social security checks. At 65 years of age, he decide things had to change. So he thought about what he had to offer. His friends raved about his chicken recipe. He decided that this his best shot at making a change.

He left Kentucky and traveled to different states to try to sell his recipe. He told restaurant owners that he had a mouthwatering chicken recipe. He offered the recipe to them for free, just asking for a small percentage on the items sold. Sounds like a good deal, right?

With that one success Colonel Hartland Sanders changed the way Americans eat chicken. Kentucky Fried Chicken, popularly known as KFC, was born. Remember, never give up and always believe in yourself in spite of rejection.

06 Creepy Titanic Photos You Have Never Seen

When the investigations and research began in the aftermath of Titanic’s drowning, it was found that there was indeed a ship named Samson, but it was not around the Titanic on April 14, 2012. As per records, the Norwegian sailing ship was docked at a port in Iceland for repair work. Considering that the distance between Samson and Titanic was too vast the Samson theory was debunked.
Nonetheless, the very same Samson theory allowed SS Californian to escape conviction. Captain Stanley Lord testified that since Titanic and Samson were communicating and everything was fine between them.
The debate over the mystery ship on that disastrous night when Titanic sunk will never end as many unanswered questions on what happened on April 14, 1912 aboard the Titanic still remain.The RMS Titanic sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. Of the estimated 2,224 passengers and crew aboard, more than 1,500 died, making it one of the deadliest commercial peacetime maritime disasters in modern history. It’s been more than 100 years ago, yeah it still haunts us today.

Many photos were taken to document what happened to the Titanic, though many were never shown to the public or forgotten about with time. Check out these amazing pictures and read some incredible facts about the Titanic below each one!

Just Before Sailing

These early photos of the Titanic took on new significance after the ship sank. This photo shows work still being done on the ship.
Did you Know: The RMS Titanic was the world’s largest passenger ship when it entered service, measuring 269 metres (882 feet) in length, and the largest man-made moving object on Earth. The largest passenger vessel is now Harmony of the Seas, at 362.12 metres.
Did you Know: The ship burned around 600 tonnes of coal a day – hand shoveled into its furnaces by a team of 176 men. Almost 100 tonnes of ash were ejected into the sea every 24 hours.

Captain Smith.

 

There was a lot of blame placed by some people on Captain Smith. Depsite that, he went down with his ship after doing what he could to stop the disaster. He’s a hero to some people.
Did you Know: The wreck of the Titanic was discovered in 1985 and lies 370 miles off the coast of Newfoundland, around 12,500 feet below the surface. The marine dive specialists Deep Ocean Expeditions previously offered trips to the wreck using a Mir submersible chartered from the Russian Academy of Sciences – with berths costing $59,000 – but stopped offering them in 2012.
Did you Know: Dozens of films and documentaries have been made about the disaster, the most controversial of which was commissioned by Joseph Goebbels in 1943. Its plot discredited British and American businessmen and features brave German passengers. The epilogue states: “The deaths of 1,500 people remain un-atoned, forever a testament of Britain’s endless quest for profit.”

Setting Sail.

The joyous occasion of watching this ship set sail was soon overshadowed by the sinking. It’s hard to look at the photo without thinking about the tragedy was soon to come.
Did you Know: The ship’s interiors were loosely inspired by those at the Ritz hotel in London. Facilities on board included a gym, pool, Turkish bath, a kennel for first class dogs, and a squash court. It even had its own on board newspaper – the Atlantic Daily Bulletin.
Did you Know: There were 20,000 bottles of beer on board, 1,500 bottles of wine and 8,000 cigars – all for the use of first-class passengers.

Waiting for Survivors.

This rare photo shows friends and family members waiting to hear news of the survivors of the Titanic. When they arrived, many of these people learned the worst.
Did you Know: James Cameron’s 1997 effort is undoubtedly the most successful – it has grossed more than $2bn and won 11 Oscars.
Did you Know: The film’s main theme song – My Heart Will Go On by Celine Dion – was the biggest selling single of 1998 and has been covered by Neil Diamond, Sarah Bright man, Kenny G (instrumental) – and Miss Piggy from the Muppet’s.

The Dreaded Iceberg.

This is a photo of the iceberg that was believed to be the one that the Titanic hit. It doesn’t look very large, but as the saying goes, “is just the tip of the iceberg.” The damaging piece was below the water.
Did you Know: The Grand Staircase on board descended down seven of the ship’s 10 decks and featured oak panelling, bronze cherubs and paintings. Replicas can be found at the Titanic Museum in Branson, Missouri.
Did you Know: The staircase at the White Swan Hotel in Alnwick, contains banisters from the Grand Staircase of the Titanic’s sister ship, the Olympic. They are presumed to have been identical.

Titanic Mysteries…

Was There Another Ship Out Sailing The Night The Titanic Sunk?

It was April 14, 1912, the moment RMS Titanic collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic Ocean. The ship of dreams became a nightmare for those 2,224 passengers who were traveling to New York City from Southampton. Edward Smith, the captain of the largest ship of its time, consulted with Thomas Andrews, the designer of Titanic, and Bruce Ismay, the Managing Director of White Star Line (the company that owned the Titanic) and activated a standard distress procedure. Children and women were priority to be rescued and were put into the lifeboats. Even as the rescue mission was underway, there was a spark of hope when the crew noticed a light at some distance. This raised the question of whether or not there was another mystery ship sailing around on that fateful night.

According to the crew members of the Titanic, while their distress signals and white rockets were being ignored by SS Californian, there was another ship just a few miles away. On the contrary, the survivors claimed that there was no other ship apart from Californian during the deadly night.

Speculations led to many theories over the mystery ship – the most significant one being that it was ship named Samson. As per the emerging theories, the crew of Samson was near the Titanic but illegally hunting seals that lived on the icebergs. When Titanic gave out distress signals, the crew of Samson realized their proximity to the ship. However, the fear of being caught had them turning away instead of aiding the Titanic. Even the captain of Californian, Stanley Lord claimed that there was another ship out on the deadly night.

Democracy is like fun: you can’t set your mind to having it

The term democracy is used today to denote everything that is wholesome in the social world. Yet there is such a thing as too much democracy. By this I do not mean that democracy needs to be tempered by some autocratic or elitist political ideal. Rather, I mean that we must reserve space in our shared social lives for that which is not political at all. Even in a democracy, politics must be kept in its place.

Keeping democracy in its place is not easy. The very idea of collective self-government tempts us into thinking that citizens must be perpetually fixated on the task of ruling themselves. Accordingly, a central message of most democratic theory has been that our social lives as such should be driven by democratic aims and projects. And this theoretical message has clearly worked its way into practice. Democratic politics has thoroughly infiltrated our social lives. Our daily interactions, from coffee shops and street corners to comment threads and blog posts, are increasingly structured by our political allegiances, and those allegiances ever more frequently supply the content of our casual conversations.

It is no exaggeration to say that in the United States today, your choices about mundane matters – where to buy groceries, what television shows to watch, the sports teams you follow, how to get to work, where you go on vacation, how you spend Sunday mornings – are all deeply tied to your political profile. And this in turn means that your day-to-day interactions with others are limited to those who happen to also shop at those stores, watch that programme, follow that team, take that bus, and walk in that park. Our entire social worlds are shaped by the travails of contemporary politics. To put it dramatically, our social lives are tyrannised by democracy.

The saturation of civic life by democratic politics crowds out the fundamental bases for community and social cooperation that the democratic ethos needs in order to flourish. If we are to work together as a self-governing polity, we must cultivate a kind of civic friendship that enables us to regard each other as fellow citizens and sharers in a common fate. When we interact only on the battlefield of politics, our divisions erode civic friendship. Democracy is thus dismantled.

The tyranny of democracy undermines democracy. This is in no way an anti-democratic thought. It simply applies to democracy a general insight about value, namely that sometimes, in order to realise something of value, one must strive for something else. Certain values are undercut by our single-minded pursuit of them. In such cases, the pursuit of the value in question produces its opposite.

To see how this works, consider a value such as fun. Surely it’s good to have fun? But fun can be had only as a byproduct of participating in activities that have some other objective. We have fun when engaging in pursuits whose point is something other than fun: winning the game, dancing to the song, experiencing the plunge of the rollercoaster, completing the crossword. Accordingly, the persistent boredom of teenagers is the product of their not having anything to pursue but entertainment. When fun itself is the name of the game, everything’s a drag.

Friendship, too, has this general structure. We need friends. Consequently, we ought to form deep friendships. But one of the surest ways to fail at making friends is to try to make them. Friendships emerge from activities other than friend-seeking. One gains friends by sharing experiences, undertaking common projects, and caring about other persons. No matter how good it is to have friends, friendship itself cannot be our pursuit. When we take friendship itself as our goal, we wind up friendless.

The phenomenon has the flavour of paradox. In order to cultivate certain values, one must aim for something other than their cultivation. Yet to regard something as valuable is to be disposed to seek to produce it. Certain values, it seems, require us to develop an odd form of schizophrenia. We must to some degree turn our backs on the value in order to make it manifest.

As democracy rests on civic friendship, it is perhaps no surprise that in order to practice better democracy, we need to engage with each other on matters that are not political. Our civic lives must be structured around shared activities and common experiences that do not have politics at their core, arenas of social engagement that are not already structured and plagued by political categories. We must seek out activities that will involve us in cooperative endeavors with others who, for all we know, have opposing political views from our own. We must talk with strangers about matters of substance that are not at all political. We must create sites of social involvement in which party affiliation and platform allegiance are simply beside the point. We must ‘tune out’, not from society as such but from society as it is constructed by democratic politics. In short, if we want to do democracy right, we need sometimes to do something else entirely.

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